According to a survey, over 68.5 million people around the world are migrating, with 25.4 million people migrating internationally. The health of the refugees and migrants may initially be not bad at all, but they may face some health issues due to migration to a new habitat and also due to the initial struggle of making living arrangements. Here are six things to learn about the health of migrants and refugees.
Their health is equally important
The health of refugees and migrants is as important as any resident of the country under everyone’s right to health. Since both refugees and migrants support the economy of their native country as well as the migrating country, they must receive quality health services. It will not only save the lives of the migrants and refugees but also protect the health of the native residents.
The numbers of migrants of overestimated
Many citizens in European countries believe the number of migrants to be three or four times larger than the actual number of migrants. In reality, the number of migrants and refugees moving to other countries has remained only 3% of the entire world population over several decades. Also, the thought that refugees fly to wealthy countries is false, as 85% of them move to developing countries.
They still face challenges in accessing healthcare
Migrants and refugees can have a hard time accessing quality healthcare in the host country due to their legal status, discrimination, or language barriers. If the government does not have special programs for migrants and refugees to access healthcare, they may not receive the healthcare they deserve. WHO already has plans on providing specialized healthcare services to all refugees and migrants, irrespective of their legal status.
Refugees and migrants may have poor mental health
The idea of leaving the native and migrating to a new country can be stressful. The migrants and refugees have been found to have post-traumatic stress disorder. They have been found to have depression and anxiety as they suffer from culture shock and socioeconomic conditions. Unemployment and isolation is a new country can also become reasons for them to developmental stress and poor overall health.
Migrants and refugees have a lower risk of cancer
As the refugees and migrants may not have early diagnosis facilities, we cannot predict whether their risk for cancer is higher or lower than the host population. But, a study has found that the refugees and migrants do have lower risks of all types of cancer except cervical cancer. They also have lower cases of diabetes compared to the host population.
Children without families are highly vulnerable
Children without parents are at huge risks while migrating to another country. They can have health and social threats due to no parental care. They can be exploited or abducted during the migration journey. They may also face sexual exploitation due to no support and may face severe depression and signs of the post-traumatic disorder.